Finance Tool

Do you want to learn how to unlock finance for sustainable land use?

This Tool was developed by the EU REDD Facility and Climate Policy Initiative to help countries/jurisdictions and their partners better understand investments affecting forests at national and sub-national levels.

Tell me moreAccess the tool

Why analysing land-use finance can help countries meet their climate and forest goals

Protecting and regenerating forests, combined with sustainable agricultural practices and efficient land-use planning, could deliver up to 37% of emission reductions needed by 2030 to comply cost-effectively with the Paris Agreement on climate change.

The private sector and domestic budgets will have to provide most of the investment required for countries to achieve their climate and forest goals.

International public finance sources have provided an estimated USD 20 billion to support these goals since 2010. However, while these sources can be a key support, they cannot meet the scale of investment required.

In addition, investments from international public finance have made major contributions to activities that could be driving deforestation and increasing emissions.

Tropical forest countries can struggle to mainstream climate objectives within sectoral policies and balance competing development priorities. When this is the case, investments that impact forests and land use are often uncoordinated or incoherent. This is a barrier to the implementation of climate and sustainability objectives.

Countries can help attract private finance and make the case for more international support by presenting a transparent analysis of land-use investments, as well as plans to increase the coherence of spending.

Our Land-use Finance Tool can help!

What is the Land-use Finance Tool?

In short: The Land-use Finance Tool is a diagnostic tool that enables a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the alignment of public and private spending with climate and forest objectives.

In detail: Finance mapping derives from traditional budget review approaches but seeks to offer additional insights to inform policy development. The analytical focus used is a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the life cycle of financial flows related to land use in selected sectors. The Tool is a set of guidelines, templates and training materials to assist the analysis of the life cycle of financial flows, as illustrated in the diagram below:

The Tool can help answer questions such as:

  • What is the volume and nature of past and current investments supporting forest and climate objectives?

  • What is the volume and nature of investments driving deforestation and forest degradation? In which sectors?

  • Who are the main actors involved in financing land-use sectors?

  • What are the main funding gaps and barriers to investment in sustainable land use?

  • What are the key financial opportunities and priorities to support sustainable land use?

  • How could investments be better aligned to climate and forest objectives?

  • How has spending for REDD+ evolved over time?

  • Do current levels of climate finance meet the country’s climate and forest ambitions?

The Tool builds on several years of work conducted by Climate Policy Initiative on mapping financial flows at global level. Côte d’Ivoire, Papua New Guinea and Vietnam have recently tested this approach with a specific land-use focus.

How does the Tool help unlock finance for sustainable land-use?

The Tool builds the capacity of national stakeholders to analyse land-use finance and develop investment strategies, funding proposals and public-private partnerships.

Main functions


It can support resource mobilisation for forest and climate objectives by analysing spending, clarifying sources of finance and identifying gaps and barriers.


It can help ensure that land-use spending is coherent with forest and climate objectives.


It can be used to generate baseline information, monitor mobilisation or redirection of resources, and increase transparency and accountability.


The analytical steps involved in tracking land-use finance are broadly summarised in the figure below. These steps might vary according to the specific objectives and scope of the analysis. The Tool offers detailed guidance on framing the study.


You can download the complete guidelines of the Land-use Finance Tool, which consists of eight modules.

Below is a short description of the modules, including a link to each module and the related editable templates.

Scoping the mapping exercise

This module explains how to develop a ‘vision’ for the exercise of mapping land-use finance: to define objective, outputs and the potential scope of the analysis. Ultimately to develop a project plan.

Stakeholder engagement

This module illustrates how to develop an idea about who to involve and consult, why and how often.

Defining sustainable land use

This module is designed to understand the options and key aspects for consideration when building a land-use finance definition and typology.

Setting the mapping framework

This module will help the reader to confirm the final scope of the analysis, and to develop a first qualitative sketch of the finance mapping for consultation with experts to refine data collection needs.

Data collection

This module explains how to collect quantitative and qualitative data to fill out the mapping framework and gaps.

Data consolidation for analysis

This module will enable the reader to consolidate and classify quantitative data to construct a database against the land-use finance definition.

Data analysis and presentation

This module will assist the reader in understanding the options to create different output formats, for example Sankey diagram, pie charts, and tables for the qualitatively and quantitatively analysis.

Data interpretation: using the results

This module clarifies how best to use results to feed into objectives and inform policy or project processes.

Would you like to receive more information?

The EU REDD Facility and Climate Policy Initiative will organise training events and webinars for tropical country practitioners and their partners in 2019. To find out more, please complete the form so we can understand your needs and inform you about the release of material and training opportunities.

Are you interested in online or in-person training events about the Land-use Finance Tool?


For more information on the Tool, please contact:

Adeline Dontenville, EU REDD Facility,

Angela Falconer, Climate Policy Initiative,

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About the Land-use Finance Tool

The EU REDD Facility and Climate Policy Initiative have developed a Tool to help countries/jurisdictions and their partners to better understand investments affecting forests at national and sub-national levels. The Tool includes guidelines, templates and training to analyse the life cycle of financial flows related to land-use.


This website was produced with the assistance of the European Union and the Governments of France, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, Spain and the United Kingdom. The contents of this website are the sole responsibility of the EU REDD Facility and Climate Policy Initiative and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of funding organisations.

All the content on this page is protected by a Creative Commons license: CC BY-NC-ND. Credit information: EU REDD Facility and Climate Policy Initiative, linking back to the original source of the work,