- Agriculture and rural development
- Forest protection
- Environment and sustainable development
- Planning and development
- Economics and Finance
The study was commissioned by the Ministry of Planning and Investment of Vietnam, in collaboration with the Vietnam REDD+ Office and the UN-REDD Programme. It aimed to identify and quantify relevant planned public investments (2016-2020) in land-use sectors in the Central Highlands’ five provinces to:
The project team first assessed existing relevant typologies. The 2015 Climate Public Expenditure and Investment Review typology served as an initial basis for discussion around the scope of the land-use finance analysis. However, the framework was still insufficiently developed in relation to forest-related activity types. This study developed its own typology, specific to the scope of the NRAP and aligned with the typology developed as part of the NRAP Mid-Term Implementation Plan 2018-2020 and Resource Mobilisation Framework.
Classifying investments according to NRAP policies and measures was not deemed feasible given their high number and the very limited available information on detailed activities to be pursued. In that context, the typology was developed building on the following thematic clusters of policies and measures: sustainable forest management; natural forest protection and enhancement; forest fire prevention; livelihood support to reduce forest encroachment; sustainable agriculture (other or unspecified); sustainable coffee production; sustainable rubber production; sustainable land management; Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT); REDD+ readiness and planning; and research and development.
There is no centralised source of detailed information on planned expenditures in Vietnam. The study therefore adopted a bottom-up approach, collecting information from different sources at provincial and national levels. It then cross-referenced collected data to fill gaps and avoid double counting.
The following data sources were mobilised:
Budget lines, projects and programmes related to the identified policy areas were first checked for double-counting and aggregated into a database. Where possible, information was broken down to project level and coded according to the nature of the funding, involved ministries and related policies. The study team categorised and coded the information following the key questions and steps outlined below.